In the scifi TV series Fringe, the government gives a couple geniuses a lab and a mandate to come up with crazy technologies to defend America.
DARPA (the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) is kind of like that, only it has a $3.2 billion annual budget, hundreds of geniuses and it’s real.
A part of the Department of Defense, DARPA was founded in the 1950’s in response to the Soviet Union’s Sputnik program. Since then, DARPA has birthed a collection of revolutionary technologies, including the internet and stealth airplanes.
DARPA’s legal exemptions
Part of what makes DARPA so successful is that it’s exempt from laws that stifle most government agencies. Specifically, DARPA isn’t subject to Title V of the Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994, which sets up all sorts of red tape for hiring and managing personnel. DARPA also has the option of funding projects through “other transactions,” which is a special power granted by Congress to avoid the red tape normally associated with federal grants.
As a result, DARPA has a largely unrestricted $3.2 billion pot of money to use much like a venture capital firm would, doling it out to high-risk, high-reward projects, expecting a minority of them produce amazing results. Much of the money is granted to civilian firms all over the country who are free to operate their businesses as they please (as long as they produce results), which is why DARPA has been called “100 geniuses connected by a travel agent.”
DARPA shoots for revolution, not evolution in technology. That means DARPA is working on some pretty off-the-wall stuff — the kinds of things that sound like science fiction, but aren’t. Here are 12 insane but true DARPA projects currently in the works:
1) Synthetic blood
In HBO’s True Blood series, vampires drink synthetic blood so that they don’t have bother with draining people. We’re soon going to see the real version of that, albeit not for vampires. You see, donating blood is inefficient and problematic (match types, diseases and short shelf life). These problems are especially bad for US soldiers abroad, because most blood they receive is donated in the US and has to be shipped overseas. That’s why DARPA has developed synthetic blood for battlefield applications. In the not too distant future we might think how primitive it was to have people line up to physically donate blood.
2) Sensors that can see underground
Going underground has been a way to hide from the enemy, since, well, the beginning of time. Not anymore. DARPA has developed a gravity sensor that will give pilots a real time view of underground tunnels. Combine this sensor with bunker busting bombs and underground hiding places become a thing of the past.
3) Powered exoskeletons
How much gear soldiers can carry is limited by how much they can physically lift. But what if it wasn’t? Soon soldiers could be wearing super strong exoskeletons that allow them to carry hundreds or even thousands of pounds with ease.
4) America’s manufacturing base 2.0
America’s manufacturing base has pretty much withered away and died compared to our World War II days. Aside from economic implications, this poses a threat to our national security. After all, are we going to have our weapons manufactured in China or South America? But in true DARPA fashion, the agency isn’t just trying to revive American manufacturing circa 1940. It’s investing a billion dollars to come up with new, streamlined, modular ways of manufacturing, powered by the internet and social networks.
5) Robot cyborg insects
Unmanned drones are all the rage, but unfortunately they’re big and enemies can see them. That’s why DARPA wants to turn insects into cyborg weapons. Even cooler, these cyborg insects could be mass produced using3D printer technology. The implications of this are amazing, from a military and civilian point of view. For example, no one can find Osama Bin Laden because he’s supposedly hiding in a cave that’s hard to access. That’s no problem for an army of 1000 flying bugs! The same technology could be used in civilian rescue applications.
6) Remote controlled A-10 Warthogs
For a soldier, it’s great knowing that you can radio in an air strike. However, it’s not as easy as making a phone call. You have to go through several people, get a plane in the air, and try not to accidentally blow up yourself or your buddies. Wouldn’t it be great if a soldier could simply point and click on a map, and then a remote controlled airplane dropped bombs in exactly the right spot? It could happen. DARPA has a project in the works to use remote controlled A-10 Warthog airplanes for this purpose.
7) Mind-controlled artificial arms
Current prosthetic arms may look advanced, but without the ability control them they’re dead weight. DARPA wants to plug artificial arms into the human brain so that they can be controlled just like a natural arm. The most obvious use here is for amputees, but there are some crazy potential military applications as well, especially if this technology is combined with exoskeletons for soldiers.
8) Cars for blind people
No, this is not a joke. DARPA is looking into technology that could allow blind people to drive by combining non visual sensors (like lasers) with tactile indicators (like a glove that vibrates telling you to turn). While this is a lofty goal, the implications for this technology could drastically increase car safety in years to come, eventually moving us to a kind of car “auto pilot” that renders human drivers unnecessary.
9) A flying submarine
As any comic book super hero already knows, air planes should be able alternate between flying and going under water. DARPA is trying to make a flying submarine (or a submersible plane) a reality. Military applications for such a machine are obvious, but perhaps one day we can also look forward to a civilian flight that includes an underwater tour?
10) Programmable shape-shifting matter
In the movie Terminator 2, Arnold Schwarzenegger explains that a cyborg is made of malleable metal and can form itself into “knives and stabbing objects” (/Austrian accent). DARPA is working on the real thing with programmable shape shifting matter. In its plainest form, such material could be used to change an antenna’s shape for maximum effectiveness depending on location and circumstances. Or in the case of the military, you could make something that looks innocent, like a cupcake, that suddenly changes shape and stabs you in the face.
11) Robots that walk and balance like animals
Although robots have come a long way in the last several decades, they’re still really clumsy. DARPA has changed all that and created what can only be called the creepiest robot in the entire world. This thing looks and act like a headless dog, plus it makes a whirling sound that will give you nightmares. Just look at what happens when a man tries to kick this thing over. Like an abused, docile animal, it simply recovers its balance and continues moving — it’s probably saving up all its rage for when it becomes sentient and murderous.
12) Laser guided bullets
Humans have made amazing progress with bombs over time. We’ve gone from indiscriminate carpet bombing to laser guided, heat seeking, bunker busting “smart” bombs. Bullets, however, are still quite stupid. DARPA wants to make smart bullets that are guided in mid flight. Well it’s about time! If DARPA has its way, that little red laser dot won’t just be a cheesy fixture in 80′s and 90′s movies. It’ll actually guide bullets through wind, rain and humidity to always hit their target.
What will the future hold?
Two of the greatest things about DARPA are that it only goes after projects that seem a little far fetched, and it uses crowd sourcing to find tomorrow’s Einsteins whether they’re in a dingy garage or a state of the art lab. With a ton of money, boundless imagination and an outsourced army of geniuses, who knows what tomorrow will hold.
Thanks, DARPA, for doing your part to make the future look like the movies and thinking of crazy ways to kill people that also turn into useful civilian technologies!